‘When the Bolsheviki came into power in 1917 they regarded the family, like every other “bourgeois” institution, with fierce hatred, and set out with a will to destroy it. “To clear the family out of the accumulated dust of the ages we had to give it a good shakeup, and we did,”declared Madame Smidovich, a leading Communist and active participant in the recent discussion. So one of the first decrees of the Soviet Government abolished the term “illegitimate children.” This was done simply by equalizing the legal status of all children, whether born in wedlock or out of it, and now the Soviet Government boasts that Russia is the only country where there are no illegitimate children..’

Read more here.

In essence, the Bolsheviki were seeking to replace the family with the state to ensure complete control of the population.

Where they failed, feminism is succeeding. Much feminist thought can be traced back to communism. First wave feminists in particular have strong links with Marxism.

Now, forty years after the feminist revolution, we need only to stand and look on to see the effects of these combined ideologies..

Further reading:

http://www.marxists.org/archive/kollonta/1920/communism-family.htm

http://www.iisg.nl/~womhist/pushkareva.doc